Innovation with a Pause: Reflecting on Learning Matters

Inn

As part of my Masters of Education program Innovation in Teaching and Learning the most recent task was to develop a Philosophy of Practice. Whereas a Philosophy of Education may be deemed more theoretical and idea driven, the notion of practice implies that action will take place. Reflecting on pedagogy matters. 

Specifically, my philosophy of practice speaks to my ability to recognize that learning is not merely about assessment but rather the ability for learners to understand how they learn and the importance of personalization. This speaks to my own experience with learning. For me, learning takes place once I am able to make a strict connection between myself and content, while also being able to autonomously build upon prior experience and shape new learning through a self-directed context. Thus, learning is not dependent on a singular figure like a teacher but rather is continuous.

Learning is a living organism – growing and taking on a life of its own.

In regards to the experience of reflection within my current Masters of Education course, I have worked to challenge Gr. 9 STEAM students to reflect on who they are as learners and their relationship with learning.

How do these students know they are learning beyond the context of an assessment?

What does real learning look like?

In my work supporting STEAM programming at my school, I have developed and moderate a New Resume Portfolio Camp. This camp, provides Gr. 9 students with an intentional opportunity to explore the importance of positive digital citizenship, while recognizing that their ability to share their reflective voice via electronic portfolios and social media profiles is a mode to build academic and social capital. As such, through this camp students are exposed to cross-curricular digital skills (graphic design, video production etc.) which allows for them to curate a digital brand and show learning in enriched ways.

In regards to social media, the students not only design a student learning portfolio but leverage Twitter to create and sustain a professional student learning network – sharing work and reflective voice with the goal to shape opportunities for feedback and to connect with like minded individuals.

Twitter 1

It’s within this context that students initiated their Twitter sharing with an exploration of learning. This reflection grew from small group work that allowed students to share in dialogue about what learning looks like, their experience with learning and their ideas of what learning could be moving forward in their high school life. This is all very important within the the STEAM milieu at the “A” is very much about effective communication. The students ability to share and show their “why” is pressing. 

Twitter 2

With all of this, the experience with the students over the past two weeks reinforced my learning within Innovation in Teaching and Learning course. Understanding the relationship between teaching and learning drives innovative practice. As such, as teachers we must provide students with an intentional opportunity to reflect. In this case, pausing and giving student the chance to write and share their voice is innovation.

Sometimes innovation is just something simple like a pause. Pause is needed to understand who we are and where we want to go.

Reflection matters!

 

Posted in 21st Century Learning, Education, Educational Leadership, Student Voice | Tagged , , , , , ,

Andi Mack: A Parent’s Guide to Season 3 (Thus far).

Untitled-1

Earlier this year I wrote a post celebrating Disney’s Andi Mack for its cultural forwardness. From Cyrus growing into his understanding of his own sexuality to Jonah’s struggle with anxiety, the show created by Terri Minisky (of Lizzie McGuire fame) and Michelle Manning (co-producer of John Hughes teen opus The Breakfast Club), speaks to the complexity of identity and has a resoundingly fresh perspective on who teens are and their relationships with friends, family and everyone in between.

In watching with my own children then and now, I have come to grips that as the show progresses the character of Andi has sadly regressed. Whereas Andi of old was coming to terms with her newly founded family dynamic and did so with a mixture of grace, confusion and complexity, this season finds her creating and fulfilling a self-centered opus.

This is where in watching the show with my own children (8 and 5 years olds), I’ve found myself pausing the PVR recording to provide spontaneous lessons in media literacy; recognizing self through the character of Andi in all forms: the good and the bad.

What is up with Andi?

As the latest season continues to unfold with teen angst and the coupling of Becks and Bodhi, I have been asking my own children to explore Andi through a personal lens of friendship.

  • Would Andi make a good friend?
  • Would they want to be Andi’s friend?

Although they would be encouraged to respect Andi as a person in real life, they do not need to be friends with her. Frankly, at this moment I hope the would choose not to be.

In the most recent episodes which have been about her breakup with Jonah and her torn feelings about Buffy and Walker’s evolving romance, the inability of Andi to see her own selfishness is debilitating.  Equally, lack of direct assertion of her sensibilities by either of her parents or the moral guiding Cyrus is disenchanting. As the show in the past had provided rich moral guidance and richness in character, the fact that Andi is turning into a bad friend without any realization from those around her. Why is she being enabled?

From Andi asking Buffy not to include Walker in their social outings to also placing herself at the center of every conversation, Andi is incredibly enabled and also inactive. She no longer creates, she is never seen doing homework and she doesn’t engage in extra-curriculars at school. Andi’s ultimate preoccupation is romance and herself. This alone merits an active dialogue with young children as their self-worth is not to be defined by their young romantic entanglements, but rather their sense of self and purpose.

Hence, although Andi Mack is about Andi (it’s her story), the character I reference must often to my children is Buffy. From braving being on an all-boys basketball team, to supporting a once sworn enemy with his learning disability to starting an all-girls basketball team in the most recent episode, Buffy is a resilient young person who is mature, intelligent, self-directed, motivated and self-ensured. Also, she actively cares about others and is a caring friend who is deeply concerned about those she cares about.

With all of this, although Andi Mack continues to be one of my families favorite shared watches, an active dialogue is warranted. Spending time watching television with your children doesn’t have to be a passive time. Although entertaining, there is a real opportunity to promote critical literacy and exploration of self. 

With all of this, I hope we will get to see Andi a new and redeeming light sometime soon. The old Andi is definitely missed.

Posted in Media Literacy and Pop Culture, Movies and Television | Tagged , , , ,

Innovation: The Reality of Tech-Enriched Learning

TECH

Exploring Innovation:

As I continue to be entrenched in my current Masters of Education course (Innovation in Teaching and Learning), the dialogue about how creativity, innovation, teaching and learning can be defined has been on-going. From developing or rather revisiting my own leaning philosophy to understanding the relationship between creativity and innovation, the course learning has been relevant to my own practice as I’ve been in constant reflection.

  • How do I perceive creativity, innovation, teaching and learning?
  • What is my role as a teacher?

In speaking to innovation in education today, the promise of technology has been leveraged by many districts, schools and individual teachers as a mode to project innovation. For example, just explore teaching professional learning networks on Twitter and profile descriptions such as “21st Century Teacher,” “Technology Innovator” and “Creative Thinker” can readily be found. This is not to take away from anyone and their descriptive voice. Rather, its an attempt to explore and make reference to a culture of innovation and it’s connection to technology. The promise or idea of innovation has become strictly connected to technology itself.

As a technology specialists in the classroom, I can appreciate the power that technology based applications and tools have in transforming teaching and learning. From using a VLE such as Google Classroom to the use of tablets and apps to support student learning, the focus on technological enriched teaching and learning has been exponential .  I suppose, my concern is not just on how to innovate but the reason for it. The WHY matters.

Spark and the Tech-Divide:

It’s with a recent editorial piece highlighted during an edition of Spark on CBC Radio 1  and featuring  Dr. Amy Gonzales that we as teachers and school leaders are reminded to revisit how we innovate. This is urgent because as Dr. Gonzales asserts, the  research shows that the tech divide in education is real and that tech maintenance is impacting student success. Therefore, as educators turn to technology with the goal to “engage” students and foster innovation, its important to celebrate not only the successes but also limitations or next steps.

Equity Matters!

In a previous role as a district 21C and technology resource teacher and in my broader tech-ed experience, I’ve often addressed the importance of tech equity and the realization that “innovative practice” can live beyond the use of technology itself. Although I believe in the great potential that technology provides, I also recognize limitations and realities. Ultimately, technology is an enabler of purpose and intention.

Speaking to the edition of Spark and the conversation about the cost of maintaining antiquate technology for educational needs, the notion of innovation was worth examining.

Can innovation exist in education without a direct dependency on technology?Simply: Yes. 

Take for example the learning tool Raz-Kids. This is not to dismiss its value but rather explore the idea that the potential of a tech-divide can hinder learning.

Raz-Kids is an app that provides learners and parents with access to level guided readers. In regards to early reading, guided readers are a great tool to gauge where a student is in their learning and encourage young readers to engage with books at their level. This is important as effective early reading occurs when students are reading at their level.

At my children’s’ own school, the purchase of a Raz-Kids licence was support unanimously by Parent Council.  I was in favor of purchasing a collection of books rather than an application that would be used on devices that parents leverage for distraction rather education. As such, my concern was about the culture surrounding the use of the technology and “sell” that innovation was to be founded in the tech. Important to note, the teacher representatives on the council shared that their preface was “traditional” books and that the licence would be an adequate supplement.

In speaking to the tech divide, immediate concerns came to mind. I addressed the following concerns:

  • What if access to suitable technology at home is not available or is limited?
  • What if a household has limited access to internet data?
  • Also, as there is an increasing concern about young children and screen-time, wouldn’t the continued use of a tangible book be viable?

Perhaps, in regards to the licensing of Raz-Kids at my kids’ school, innovation would have been showing a commitment to purchasing new guided readers for the Primary Division as the money was available and then working to develop programming that aimed to cultivate a culture of literacy; a reading club, a parent’s night and/or day workshop that provided stakeholders with the supports needed to use the guide reader etc.

In the end, as shared in the edition of Spark, the dependency on technology can be great and limiting  at the same time. As we explore innovation as a way to improve the experience of students, it must be remembered that technology is a great enabler but also a potential fallacy.

In the era of Office 365, Google Apps for Education, Mine Craft for Education and so many other tech-centered tools, the idea of innovation must live beyond technology itself. This will ensure that all students can be successful and that innovation rises from a Why and not just a How.

 

 

 

Posted in 21st Century Learning, Education, Educational Leadership, Technology Education | Tagged , , ,

From Prey to Predator: Laurie Transformed

halloweenheader

Just yesterday I sat in a darkened movie theatre with over 150 Communications Technology students to watch Halloween (2018).

It’s always a treat to sit and watch a horror film with teenagers in a shared space. Unlike most adults who may sit through horror violence gently shimmering in their seats, teenagers yell at the screen. Their visceral reaction to characters unknowingly walking into the shadows of their death or running in the wrong direction, speaks to the shared cultural experiences of genre. In regards to horror, the conventions of narrative are known and recycled. Students shout out of a great knowledge of what is to come and respond personally to characters’ lack of situational knowledge. This was so evident during the screening of Halloween where students where both quiet and belligerent.

Within the quiet space of our Halloween screening was where Laurie existed both as victim and survivor. As the film transitions from an opening scene obsessed with the evil of Michael Myers and the lure of his mask, Laurie as a horror-infused Sarah Conner (Terminator 2: Judgement Day) in training and waiting becomes culturally pressing.

Laurie, now forty years after the initial attacks of Michael Myers in 1978 has had a tainted life. From having her pre-teen daughter removed from her care by social services to failed marriages and continued conflict with her now adult child, Laurie has endured an ongoing present unjustly impacted by terrible acts of violence. It’s with our beginning to know Laurie of 2018 that co-writer/ director David Gordon Green paints a portrait of the Trump Era. As Laurie is told to get “over ” her victimized past multiple times by her daughter and grand daughter or where pod cast journalist show more humanity towards Michael than her, the politics of the Times Up And Me Too movements are clear:

  • Where is the respect and empathy for the victim in both the past, present and future?
  • Why do we concern ourselves so deeply with perpetuators and not support victims with pure intentions?

It’s within this context of Trump’s America that attempts to undermined or devalue female empowerment, that the quiet in the theatre during the “melodrama” resonated. Laurie, could be the mother grandmother, sister, cousin or friend of anyone in the theatre. Importantly, Laurie could be us.

Furthermore, in regards to Laurie who has been victimized, she is a woman not waiting for a man to protect or save her.  She responds actively to the events of 1978 by transforming herself into a predator. As such, she is a character with forty years of living history who rises from the tradition of horror ; an experiment of repressed cultural anxiety.

  • How do we define victimization?
  • How do we encourage victims to find their voice?

Alone, she needed to take matters into her own hands. Like the brave women who share their trauma and work to support and empower others, Laurie forty years later is writing her own story and next chapter.

As the film turns to the final act and the showdown between Laurie, he daughter, grand daughter and Michael ensues, the reimagining of the final girl is shaped. Whereas the final girl responds and survives as a victim, Laurie has been praying for Michaels return, so she can kill him. In this film Laurie is not a victim. Whereas we’re first re-introduced to Laurie as a recluse, we discover that her domestic and self imposed cage is really a fortified trap ready to be used against Michael upon his return. As Laurie asserts that she loves her family and worked to prepare her daughter for the violence that is typically placed on women (both on and off screen), the quiet of the theatre turns to applause as Michael become prey.

This applause is significant as I teach at a publicly funded all-boy school. As such, sitting in a theatre with 150 plus high school boys, applauding to the action response of Laurie Strode is significant. Her strength and courage resonants and also shows that boy culture is responsive; recognizing that film heroism does not need to be shaped by a male saviour.  As shaped in class today, students were asked to define their political sensibilities through the context of the film.

  • Do they understand Laurie’s struggle?
  • How do they view issues of equity in their own life?
  • How does the film help shape their learning of culture?
  • How does their cultural learning resonant in the film?

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

This is the genius of the film and why in the era of the re-boot it works so well. It’s a true continuation not merely of story but life. This story could only be told 40 years later. As Laurie evolved and so did the true life narrative of cultural experience, Laurie’s story is made for our today and for our lens.

Finally, Laurie is a calling card for all mothers to daughters and importantly men. Not to take up arms (as that is a metaphor within the context of genre) but to be ready. As a father to a daughter this resonated with me. I must nurture my daughter to be empowered and equally my son to be responsive, respectful and empowering. Laurie is not doing what a man can do, she’s doing what she must do. Like Sarah Conner before her, Laurie must write her own narrative.

Ultimately in this Halloween, Laurie is more than than a final girl. She is the predator.

Posted in Film Theory, Media Literacy and Pop Culture, Movies and Television | Tagged , , , ,

Michael Myers and Our Shared Horror

HALLOWEEN

With the release of David Gordon Green’s Halloween (2018) today, I felt inspired to share my love of teaching horror.

From a critical media literacy lens, the horror genre provides me with a great opportunity to engage in rich cultural studies and dynamic production with students. Although some students are uncomfortable with the gore and tension horror films present, the rich cultural reading that horror provides is worth the short-term discomfort.

The genre forces students to be cultural responsive and aware. To understand horror and a film like Halloween is to have a sound understanding of self and other. This is reinforced that when it comes to producing short films in my Communications Technology courses, the horror genre is the one students seem to most naturally gravitate to. From the haunting and atmospheric aesthetic they love to create to the opportunity to be expressive on their own fears and anxieties, the genre is so rich and layered. Unlike Action cinema that typical reaffirms dominant culture norms, horror, in its history has a tradition of cynicism that speaks to be a critical learner and thinker. Horror is responsive.

Here’s an example of a student produced short film, inspired by the tropes of horror, that speaks to where Gr. 12 students are in their thinking. The learning is grounded in who they at a particular moment in time.

Below, is a classroom ready resource to support the critical understanding of horror and to ready the new Halloween within the context of genre and culture.

Enjoy!

REFLECT

From the opening POV frames of John Carpenters original 1978 Halloween, the idea of American horror transitions from the flesh-eating Zombies of George A. Romero’s Night of the Living Dead (1968) and the depiction of monsters from the Universal classics to the safe space of everyday America. In placing the audience in the point of view of a child murderer in a clown costume the duality of existence emerges; we are Michael Myers in that moment and find discomfort not merely in the act of killing that takes place at the immediate onset of the film but from the visceral effect is creates.

________________

In recognizing that Michael is a representation of a lived real world, begin your in class study of Halloween with a reflection of what scares.

In small groups, distribute chart paper and markers. Have students reflect on the following:

  • What personally scares you?
  • What’s happening in the world or your direct community today that is scary or creates a sense of anxiety?

Once the small group collaboration is completed share reflection as a large group.

ACTION

Now that you have explored ideas pertaining to fear and anxiety, it’s important to connect lived experience to the horror genre directly. Importantly, genre is more than a category of popular culture (in this case film) and is a reflection of lived and shared experience. Genre studies is cultural studies.

As such, where the American action film celebrates and reaffirms notions of masculinity and revolutionary values of American violence and the romantic comedy reaffirms the formation of the couple, the American horror film rises from the political.

As such, the ideas shared by students within the “REFLECT” component speaks to the genre itself.

Watch the video below celebrated academic Barry Keith Grant, an expert in the field of genre studies. Much of Professor Grant’s work in grounded in the critical understanding of horror film.

 

In watching the video above, what is significant about Professor Grant’s notation of “change,” as it pertains to horror? What does this force an audience to do when reading a horror film through a critical and cultural lens?

Halloween

In relation to your reading of Halloween (2018), its important to recognize that what defines horror or adds to it within the context of the political differs from 2018 compared to the original Halloween of 1978.

This is where critical genre studies forces students to engage is a sense of cultural responsiveness – who they are and how they understand and see their world. As such, to address or study Halloween and horror within the framework shared by Professor Grant is to be political and culturally aware.

Individually, read the following short essay written by Professor Grant.

Reflect on the history of the horror genre and how it connects to a shared sense of cultural understanding. 

“Scream on Screams” by Barry Keith Grant

CONSOLIDATE

In watching Halloween 2018, or the original film and reflecting on the ideas shared within the “Reflect” and “Action” it is now time to consolidate student learning.

Using a graphic design program such as Adobe Photoshop Elements or a web-based application such as Canva, create a graphic postcard that highlights the the film narrative, while illustrating your understanding of Professor Grant’s assertion of “myth.”
The graphic should answer the following: What “campfire story” is Halloween 2018 telling? 

Here is an in-class exemplar.

Example

The graphic above was designed in Adobe Photoshop Elements.

Specifications: Width = 6inches , Height = 4 inches, 300 Resolution, 16 Bit

Teacher Notes:

From the voices of the now, Laurie Strobe, forty years after the terror of Halloween (1978) lives in isolation. Although a mother, she is continuously displaced by the male violence she and her friends endured. Suffering from PTSD and haunted by her past for forty years, she has turned into a Sarah Conner-esque figure of resilience.

With her mental state displaced by history of victim marginalization, she prepares for the return of Michael. Rather than hiding, she lurks in both justified paranoia and defiance knowing that Michael Myers, will return one day.

Like the film itself that rises from the discourse of the Me Too and Times Up movements, Laurie rises from her experience of terror to take control of her past and firmly be the author of her present and future. It’s within this context that Jamie Lee Curtis is inspired; mobilized by director David Gordon Green who balances horror with fitting humour to reimagine Laurie as the Ellen Ripley of her story. She must depend on her own skills and mindset to save herself, family and others from Michael.

Whereas other Halloween sequels and reimagining renditions became comic book like and lost their edge by making Michael either fantastical or attempting to humanize him  (Michael’s backstory in Rob Zombie’s Halloween (2007) weakened the thrill expediently), Director Davide Gordon Green gets back to basics with the goal to remind us that the safety of our homes and neighbourhoods are a misguided construct of All American values. Furthermore, when push comes to shove, it will be the “Final Girl” that saves the day.

Posted in Film Theory, Media Literacy and Pop Culture, Movies and Television | Tagged , , , , ,

Students and their Meaning

Banner1

In reading Mark O’Connell’s Watching Skies, a deep personal and critical dive into the films of Steven Spielberg and Star Wars, I was reminded how personal the movie experience can be. As Mark shares personal insights of being “separated” from his father after his parents divorce and how the story of Elliott and E.T is a tale of belonging that he intimately understood, the urgency of reading such a critical medium is of paramount importance.

The question within an educational context is: in learning about our input critically can we transform our output meaningfully?

Specifically to me learning thus far in my Master’s course Innovation in Teaching and Learning, this idea of output is essential in addressing the pressing need to be cultural responsive in my teaching.

  • Who are my students?
  • How does the classroom experience allow them to share their experience?
  • How do I provide enrichment opportunities where they are the focus?

Although, my students recently aged me during an in class screening of Jaws and E.T where they proclaimed the films as from the “olden days,” they were enthralled by our critical conversation about Spielberg and his interior meaning. Interior meaning refers to film academic and critic Andrew Sarris and his authorship framework. When looking at Spielberg films (as as director or executive producer), the interior meaning of his films reflects his personal experience; primarily being a product of divorce and growing up estranged from father. Along with this, his films tend to have a domestic quality where the prescribed tranquility of the American family is missing or non-existent.

The lesson of internal meaning, speaks to the student experience as learners growing in their critical dissection of media text and in the urgency of being culturally responsive in the classroom . As a teacher, the lessons derived from Spielberg is a portal into the interior meaning of my students. This interior is cultural ; what shapes the personal narrative of the students in my classroom and how can those experiences be leveraged to blossom collective sharing and understanding?

Unlike in the past with my Gr.12 students who typically begin the year with small group video production that is genre based, I began with authorship this year and dialogued about the importance of representative voice not just in media but dominant culture. In this learning students were challenged to reflect on who they are, what shapes them and how they see the world. From there, each student using their personal smart phone was challenged to produce a one minute documentary about themselves; a snapshot into who they are.

Although I was earnest in my attempt to nurture personalized output, I wondered if the experience mattered.

What did the students gain?

Below is a short video that highlights two students who openly share about their reflective and creative journey.

In speaking to all of the students about their films, I do believe that they gained sense of empowerment from sharing an important aspect of their lives so directly and intimately. Ultimately, I know that I gained a new found respect for the students. Not only are they growing in their understanding of critical literacy and production but importantly they provided me with the privilege to know them in a new light.

I thank them and are inspired by them.

 

Posted in Education, Media Literacy and Pop Culture, Student Voice, Technology Education, Uncategorized | Tagged , ,

Cultural Responsive Pedagogy: Reflecting on Purpose

purpose

As a write this blog as part of  my own going reflection and my Masters of Education course Innovation in Teaching & Learning , I can confidently assert that I value the enrichment of professional learning. Throughout the course my teaching career, I’ve never shied away from continued learning and take pride in that fact that as Communications Technology teacher my concern is not overtly technology but the way in which students can leverage the technological tools to share who they are. It’s who students are and who they want to become as people that truly matters. Its within this context that I will explore the following inquiry, but in regards to my Master’s course and my classroom practice.

How can my further understanding of Cultural Responsive Pedagogy be enriched through media literacy and digital modes of production.

Within the context of my Communications Technology class, I overly assert that my mission is not to create Steven Spielberg minions, but rather empower students to grow in their voice, share their point of view and through their distinct and personal lens, create new meaning or critique established norms. Its within this context that I embraced an opportunity to co-develop a PLC on Culturally Responsive Pedagogy for my school community and to produce a Culturally Relevant Teaching video for the Ontario English Catholic Teacher Association (OECTA), which is still in production.

Both experiences, recent as of this past summer, provided for incredible learning. In regards to the PLC module, it provided me an opportunity to research with purpose and to reflect on my own practice within the context of Institutional, Personal and Instructional frameworks as outlined in the Ontario Ministry of Education’s Build Capacity Series on Cultural Responsive Pedagogy:

  • do educational districts or schools provide traditionally marginalized groups with empowered mobilization;
  • do we as a teaching village reflect on our own bias (conscience or unconscious); 
  • do we within the context of the classroom, ultimately nurture an environment that is not about “curriculum” but the “souls of the classroom.”

Just yesterday, I had the distinct opportunity to welcome Dr. Marlyn Morris to my school as a guest speaker during staff PLC time. I had the privilege to collaborate with Dr. Morris in the production of the OECTA video resource produced over the summer. In working and learning from Dr. Morris, her assertion of students as the “souls of the classroom,” challenges teachers to intentionally embed students’ personal cultural experience into their teaching. As such, the students are the continuous driver for learning and provide each student and the teacher with opportunities to engage in an educational experience that is unique, diverse and culturally relevant to those in the classroom. As students are charged to be active citizens in a globalized world, we as teachers must be charged to nurture the promise of dignity for all.  As a teachers, it’s urgent to embrace diversity, equity and dignity in our classrooms if the goal is for a better today and tomorrow.

As shared by Dr. Morris, Culturally Responsive Pedagogy is a mind shift that recognizes the importance of reciprocal learning; one that acknowledges that the teacher is not the sole vessel for learning and knowledge. In that, students can provide a great richness to the shared experience of a classroom setting if who they are is known and intentionally leveraged. Furthermore, our pedagogy must be informed by those students in our classrooms. We are not to teach from how we learn but how they learn as a collective and individuals. This mind shift won’t be easy and my sense from yesterday’s PLC is that teachers, although enthralled by the ideas Dr. Morris shared, need time to reflect. To invite students to share who they are, we as educators must know who we are. What shapes as the adults in the room? What is our purpose in teaching?

As teachers, we must reflect on our purpose. If our “calling” was formed on the the promise of a good pension, extended holidays and two months off in the summer, then perhaps a new career is in the waiting. As Dr. Morris shared yesterday, our work must be with purpose beyond a particular subject or assessment. 

More to come!

Posted in Education, Educational Leadership, Uncategorized | Tagged , ,